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When you face a drug charge, you may be confused over what makes it a federal crime and not a state crime. You may also wonder what the classifications of drugs mean and how that can affect the outcome of your case. There are many aspects you should understand when facing such charges so that you can go to court prepared.
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Securities & Investment Fraud Crimes Lawyer in DC
The term “security” is a broad term that encompasses several types of investments, such as corporate stocks, investment contracts, municipal bonds, banknotes and more. Securities and investment fraud occurs when a person cheats, lies, steals or uses some other method of deceit in an attempt to gain a financial advantage.
Though many people consider securities fraud a “victimless crime,” the government takes a harsh stance against it. If you are convicted of this white collar crime, you face years or even decades of prison time, hefty fines and possibly other criminal charges. An experienced criminal defense attorney in Baltimore and the surrounding areas can help you build a strong defense and aggressively fight for your freedom.
Securities Fraud Is a White-Collar Crime
Securities and investment fraud are white collar crimes, meaning they are non-violent and are typically committed by businesspersons who work within the financial sector. White collar crimes do not involve theft in the traditional sense, such as burglarizing a home or holding someone up at gunpoint. Rather, offenders often conduct their misdeeds via email, over the phone and through extravagant paper trails.
White collar criminals are often smart and savvy, and many times, they work secretively with others within and without their organizations to accomplish their objectives. Because white collar crimes are a specialized sort of crime, defending yourself against a charge requires a lawyer who is familiar with securities and investment schemes and the laws that govern them.
Federal and State Legislation That Governs Fraud
Both federal and state laws govern securities fraud crimes. It is essential that you work with an attorney who understands both. Below is a brief overview of acts designed to prevent investment fraud crimes from occurring:
The Securities Exchange Act of 1933: This act is the first federal legislation designed to regulate the stock market. It serves two major purposes: to ensure companies are more transparent in the financial statements they provide to investors and to establish laws against fraudulent activities and misrepresentation regarding securities.
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act: Passed into law in 2010, this act tightened the regulation of financial products and enhanced consumer protections by increasing corporate governance.
Investment Company Act of 1940: This act aims to minimize and regulate any conflicts of interest between companies and businesses who are involved in the trading of stocks and bonds.
The Trust Indenture Act of 1939: This act prohibits the sale of securities to the public without an official agreement between the bondholder and issuer.
Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002: This act aims to encourage corporate responsibility by outlining several reforms.
The District of Columbia also has its own laws pertaining to securities and investment fraud. A skilled criminal defense lawyer in Baltimore, Philadelphia or the surrounding areas can explain those laws more in-depth and understand how each applies to your case.